Before you get started, it is good to know in advance what the interview is about and what questions will be asked. Ideally, have a script or description and distribute it among your team, so everyone has all the necessary information for a good preparation.
Maybe print a couple of copies for guidance during the shooting. For the shooting itself, keep the following 5 points in mind. It will make your life much easier and also make YOU look more professional :D
It is good to always give a good introduction of the person interviewed, their name and what makes them special to do an interview, for example: "Hello, I am Viktoria and I am a professional chef of the Restaurant "TAPAS".
B-roll is secondary footage containing images that visually support what is being said, for example if the interviewee is talking about how to cut tomatoes, at that moment we show the video of someone cutting tomatoes – or just tomatoes. B-roll is very important. It makes your video more dynamic, the viewer will be more engaged and entertained. Not to mention, that it is also very useful for covering errors in the main footage. It's always better to have extra B-roll and not need it, than to need it and not have it. So, the more the better! Believe me, it will save your life.
3) Two cameras or two angles:
Especially if it is a long interview it is good to add a little spice and dynamic. We have already talked about the B-roll and now we can add two different angles. If possible, use two cameras. Set up one camera with a wide angle and the other one with a close up. This way you can change between the perspectives and the final video will be more dynamic.
Word to the wise: Be very careful where you put the cameras. Take into consideration the frame and in what direction the person is looking. If the person is looking to the right on the screen of camera 1, make sure they also look to the right on the screen of camera 2. Don't make the mistake I first made and film them from the left and from the right. It looks like they are being interrogated or confronted with a controversial problem. Depending on the purpose of the interview, it is not what you want. So keep an eye out for that one!
Leave a good space between the interviewee and the background. The image on the screen looks more relaxed and more pleasing to the eye. Add some background lights, not too strong, to give additional depth of field.
How many times have I come home and realized that all the hours of work have been useless because nothing is focused. To avoid this, it is helpful to mark the floor and limit the area of movement of the interviewee. I recommend standard painter's tape, which can be removed easily and does not leave any marks. With this you can ensure a nice focus and save a lot of time.
WOW, we have already got here, to one of the most important tips. The sound is very, very, but very important. The built-in microphone in your camera does not record in a very good quality and it cannot easily be directed to a specific source of sound. As a result you will have background noise, echo and a diffuse sound quality overall. For a better sound quality I usually use a lapmicrophone.
It is easy to hide and you do not need an extra person holding a microphone over everyone's head. I recommend you record in the highest quality possible (check the recording levels to not burst anyone's ear drum). Nowadays audio recorders come with technology that takes care of all those details and you have less things to worry about during the shooting and better material to work with in post.
7) Know your equipment:
Know your equipment, how it works and how to operate it. It will save you a lot of work and time at the end of the day.
ALL THE STEPS THAT I EXPLAINED HERE ARE THE ONES THAT I CONSIDER MOST IMPORTANT. OF COURSE NO SHOOTING IS THE SAME. AND EACH SITUATION IS TOTALLY DIFFERENT. IN THE END IT IS UP TO US AS VIDEOGRAPHERS TO GET THE BEST OUT OF EACH SHOOTING, WORK WELL WITH WHAT WE HAVE IN TERMS OF EQUIPMENT, LOCATION, INTERVIEWEES ETC., IMPROVISE IF NECESSARY AND MAKE THE MOST OF IT.
Have a nice shooting and stay tuned :D Coming up next: Video tutorial about Lighting Leave a comment if you find this section useful or if you want to add or ask something, feel free.